Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992
- The Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992 cover a wide range of basic health, safety and welfare issues and apply to most workplaces.
- Under these regulations, an employer must comply with the following –
- Maintenance– the workplace and equipment must be maintained in good condition. Where appropriate, there must be a planned system of regular maintenance
- Ventilation– enclosed workplaces must be provided with fresh or purified air
- Temperature– a reasonable temperature must be maintained inside the building during working hours. The recommended working temperature is between 16 – 20 degrees.
- Lighting– suitable and sufficient lighting must be provided. Natural light should be used where possible. Emergency lighting must also be provided where necessary
- Cleanliness– the workplace and equipment must be kept clean. Waste should not be allowed to accumulate (except in suitable receptacles)
- Space– room dimensions should provide sufficient floor area, height and unoccupied space for the health safety and welfare of the staff
- Workstations– workstations must be suitable for the workers who use them and the work which is done
- Seating– where work can be done sitting, suitable seating must be provided for each person doing that work
- Floors– floors should be suitable and not uneven, holed or slippery. They should be kept free from obstruction or contamination likely to cause slipping. Staircases should normally have a hand-rail
- Falls– precautions should be taken to prevent people from falling or being struck by falling objects.
- Windows– transparent or translucent doors or walls must be made of a safety material or protected against breakage and must be clearly marked. Opening windows must be safe to use. All windows and skylights must be designed to allow safe cleaning
- Traffic routes– design must allow safe circulation of pedestrians and vehicles and traffic routes should be clearly indicated
- Doors and gates– doors and gates must be suitably constructed. Devices should be fitted to keep sliding doors on their tracks, to prevent upward opening doors from falling back, and to ensure safe operation of powered doors. Doors which can be pushed from either side should have panes to provide a clear view of the space around the door
- Escalators– escalators and moving walkways shall be safe in use, and fitted with necessary safety devices, including emergency stop controls
- Sanitary conveniences– suitable and sufficient toilets shall be provided at readily accessible places. They must be well ventilated and lit and kept clean. A schedule to the Regulations specifies how many are needed, depending on the number of workers
- Washing facilities– washing facilities, including showers if needed, with hot and cold water, soap and hygienic means of drying must be provided
- Drinking water– a supply of drinking water must be provided for all workers at readily accessible places
- Clothing– accommodation must be provided for storage of a person’s own clothing not worn at work, work clothing kept at the workplace, and for changing facilities
- Rest and meals– suitable rest facilities must be provided at conveniently accessible places. Arrangements must be made to protect non-smokers from discomfort from tobacco smoke in rest rooms and rest areas. Pregnant women and nursing mothers must be given suitable facilities. Facilities for eating meals must be provided where meals are normally taken at work
The legislation relating to tattooing and micropigmentation can be broadly split into two main areas;
- Specific controls by registration or licensing of premises and people carrying out the treatments.
- General controls of activities through primary legislation that is not specific to particular activities but applies to all of them.
The use of legislation in this area is primarily to ensure that infection control arrangements are adequate and effectively carried out when treatments are taking place. The primary means of enforcing infection control arrangements is by the use of the licensing or registration provisions. These are largely concerned with setting requirements for good standards in maintaining hygiene controls in respect of premises, equipment, procedures and practices.
Generally outside London both the premises and the practitioners themselves have to be registered, the Local Government Act 2003 added semi permanent skin colouring to the list of activities which required registration.The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 applies to the whole of England and Wales and provides a means of securing effective infection control. The following areas are applicable to micropigmentation/ semi permanent skin colouring;
- Risk assessment
- Control of substances hazardous to health (COSHH)
- Management of contractors
More on Risk Assessments…
The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 place an obligation on the employer to actively carry out a risk assessment of the work place and act accordingly. The assessment must be reviewed when necessary and recorded where there are 5 or more employees. It is intended to identify health and safety risks.
The regulations require an assessment of ALL working activities and need certain measures to be followed:
- avoid risk where possible
- assess risks that cannot be avoided
- combat risks at source
- adapt the working environment of the individual
- use technology to reduce risk
- implement risk prevention measures to form a coherent policy and approach
- give priority to measure that protect the whole workforce rather than one person
- ensure employees understand the control measures
- encourage a positive health and safety culture
For all further information regarding health and safety including example risk assessments and policies, please visit: https://www.hse.gov.uk/search/search-results.htm?gsc.q=beauty%20salon#gsc.tab=0&gsc.q=beauty%20salon&gsc.page=1
Age Limits and Consent
All clients must be over eighteen. They should always and without exception sign a declaration to give their consent, however the consent will only be valid if the client has been fully informed as to the nature of the process and the likely effect and the potential problems involved.
The Use of Local Anaesthetic
There are a range of topical anaesthetic products that are readily available at local pharmacies, however none of these are licensed for local anaesthesia prior to micropigmentation. The client may wish to obtain topical, local anaesthetic products prior to their treatment. However, responsibility should rest with them for purchase and application.
Under the requirements of RIDDOR 1995, you have a legal duty to report occurrences and incidents to your relevant enforcing authority. Adherence to health and safety law and professional standards is an essential part of being a successful micropigmentation technician. We have a duty of care to clients and employees to ensure that infection control is carried out effectively and all other health and safety guidelines are met.
It is recommended that a person who is carrying out micropigmentation treatments is immunised against Hepatitis B to protect the technician and the client. This should not serve as a replacement for proper hygiene standards as there is still no immunisation against Hepatitis C and HIV. Anyone who is working with sharps is also advised to ensure they are up to date with their Tetanus immunisation. Further details regarding immunisation can be found via: https://www.hse.gov.uk/biosafety/blood-borne-viruses/immunisation.htm
A high standard of personal hygiene should be maintained as an essential part of controlling the risk of infection and cross contamination. Any cuts or grazes should be covered prior to beginning treatment and eating and drinking should not be allowed in the sterile working area.